Whenever there is an excessive build-up of tartar or dental calculus on the teeth a pet will require a dental which is performed under an anaesthetic and teeth are ultrasonically cleaned and scaled.
An excessive build-up will often cause offensive smelly breath and severe inflammation of the gums. The gum inflammation can be seen as a bright red line at the junction of the gums and teeth, which leads to ulcers forming and the teeth loosening. Bacteria continue to build up in the mouth, until pus can be seen oozing from the gums whenever the area is pressed. Early detection will eliminate all these.
How often and when a pet requires a dental depends on the breed, metabolism, the dog diet and the degree of preventative care administered by owners.
Small breed dogs usually require more dental care than larger breeds. Also, the short-muzzled (brachycephalic) breeds require more dental care than dogs with longer muzzles. In both cases dental crowding is one of the biggest issues affecting care of the dog’s teeth.